why is diabetes incurable and long term why isnt a healthy diet enough

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why is diabetes incurable and long term why isnt a healthy diet enough

In: Biology

Imagine you’ve got a nuclear reactor on a somewhat isolated island that doesn’t have lots of resources and the reactor is the only power suply they have.

If you don’t try to put a ton of uranium and follow the protocol nothing bad should happen.

But, if the reactor explodes, that’s it.

The island needs external sources of energy.

Not really a 1:1 analogy but I think it’s understandable.

Diabetes is caused either by a lack of insulin or a resistance of the body to insulin. Either way insulin isn’t able to do what it needs to do in your body, which is a signal to allow the cells in your body to metabolize sugars, fats, and proteins.

Diabetes is incurable because we don’t have any way to make your body produce insulin properly when it doesn’t, or to remove an acquired resistance to insulin. Instead it can be treated by the injection of insulin as needed to regulate blood sugar levels. Too low blood sugar and your body essentially shuts down from lack of energy, and too high levels result in other problems like damage to nerves which can ultimately lead to the loss of extremities like fingers and toes.

A healthy diet isn’t enough because the issue is metabolizing of sugars, not how much you eat. It doesn’t matter how well tuned your diet is to your energy needs if your cells just cannot bring sugars into them because there isn’t enough insulin. An analogy would be like a faulty fuel pump in a car; it doesn’t matter how much fuel is in the tank if the pump isn’t pulling it into the engine for use.

It depends on the type of diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease where the insulin-producing beta cells in your pancreas are destroyed by your immune system. Without the ability to produce insulin, your blood sugar levels cannot be properly controlled at all. There is some minor success with treatments to transplant donor beta cells to restore insulin production (see Edmonton Protocol), but the disease is otherwise incurable. Patients must rely on insulin injections for the rest of their life.

Type 2 diabetes has more to do with insulin resistance, where your cells ignore the presence of insulin. This is suspected to be caused by obesity, sugary diets and lack of exercise. It can be somewhat controlled by dieting and exercise, which helps to lowers blood sugar levels. In severe cases, patients might need insulin injections to “boost” the insulin response of their cells to “normal”.

I was a 400 lb. type 2 diabetic and ate a lot of metformin and glipizide.
Went on a diet, lost 200 lbs, and was declared diabetes free by the Dr.
That was 15 years ago… am still diabetus free. Maybe it’s not incurable, but in my case, I feel like I have been cured.