What is a clause and independent clause in English?

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What is a clause and independent clause in English?

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Two types of clauses: dependent clauses (DC), independent clauses (IC). No such thing as just a clause.

A DC must be paired with at least one IC to make a complete sentence. Consider the following sentence: “I am bored because I am quarantined.” The IC is “I am bored” and the DC is “because I am quarantined.”

You couldn’t just say “Because I am quarantined.” as that wouldn’t make any sense. What is actually being caused as a result of the quarantine?

However, you could say “I am bored.” and make perfect sense.

I think I might have made this explanation a bit convoluted, but I hope it helps.

A clause in general is just part of a sentence or a sentence.
A dependent clause is a part of a sentence that cannot be a sentence by itself.
An independent clause is a part of a sentence that can stand alone on its own. This is mostly used to decide whether to use a comma, a semicolon, a word like “and” “or” “but ” or any other connector type word.

Example:
[The man went to the store], {and picked up some eggs. }

The part in brackets is the independent clause. The part in curly braces is the dependent clause.

Every verb should have a clause and the clause contains a subject and a predicate.

“I went to a store.”

This is an independent clause because it stands on its own.

“Until I have had some coffee” is an example of a dependent clause, it has a subject, “I” and a verb “have had”. It doesn’t make sense without another clause. “I am not good at English until I’ve had some coffee.”